Welcome to this informative guide on the IPC Section List. The Indian Penal Code (IPC) is a comprehensive legislation that governs various aspects of criminal offences in India. It consists of a multitude of sections, each specifying and defining a specific offence along with its punishment. Understanding the IPC Section List is crucial for every citizen, as it provides valuable insights into the legal framework that upholds justice in our society.
With a thoughtful tone, this guide aims to shed light on some of the key sections of the IPC, empowering you with knowledge and awareness to navigate through the complexities of our legal system. So, let’s embark on this enlightening journey together and unravel the intricacies of the IPC Section List.
History of Indian Penal Code (IPC)
The Indian Penal Code (IPC) is stands for the official criminal code of India. It is a comprehensive code intended to cover all substantive aspects of criminal law. The code was drafted on the recommendations of the first law commission of India established in 1834 under the Charter Act of 1833 under the Chairmanship of Lord Thomas Babington Macaulay.
It came into force in British India during the early British Empire period in 1862. However, it did not apply automatically in the Princely states, which had their own courts and legal systems until the 1940s. The Code has since been amended several times and is now supplemented by other criminal provisions.
|Chapters||Section Covered||Classification of Offences|
|Chapter I||Sections 1 to 5||Introduction|
|Chapter II||Sections 6 to 52||General Explanations|
|Chapter III||Sections 53 to 75||Of Punishments|
|Chapter IV||Sections 76 to 106||General Exceptionsof the Right of Private Defence (Sections 96 to 106)|
|Chapter V||Sections 107 to 120||Of Abetment|
|Chapter VA||Sections 120A to 120B||Criminal Conspiracy|
|Chapter VI||Sections 121 to 130||Of Offences against the State|
|Chapter VII||Sections 131 to 140||Of Offences relating to the Army, Navy and Air Force|
|Chapter VIII||Sections 141 to 160||Of Offences against the Public Tranquillity|
|Chapter IX||Sections 161 to 171||Of Offences by or relating to Public Servants|
|Chapter IXA||Sections 171A to 171I||Of Offences Relating to Elections|
|Chapter X||Sections 172 to 190||Of Contempts of Lawful Authority of Public Servants|
|Chapter XI||Sections 191 to 229||Of False Evidence and Offences against Public Justice|
|Chapter XII||Sections 191 to 263||Of Offences relating to coin and Government Stamps|
|Chapter XIII||Sections 264 to 267||Of Offences relating to Weight and Measures|
|Chapter XIV||Sections 268 to 294||Of Offences affecting the Public Health, Safety, Convenience, Decency and Morals|
|Chapter XV||Sections 295 to 298||Of Offences relating to Religion|
|Chapter XVI||Sections 299 to 377||Of Offences affecting the Human Body. |
Of Offences Affecting Life including murder, culpable homicide (Sections 299 to 311)
Of the Causing of Miscarriage, of Injuries to Unborn Children, of the Exposure of Infants, and of the Concealment of Births (Sections 312 to 318)
Of Hurt (Sections 319 to 338)
Of Wrongful Restraint and Wrongful Confinement (Sections 339 to 348)
Of Criminal Force and Assault (Sections 349 to 358)
Of Kidnapping, Abduction, Slavery and Forced Labour (Sections 359 to 374)
Sexual Offences including rape and Sodomy (Sections 375 to 377)
|Chapter XVII||Sections 378 to 462||Of Offences Against Property |
Of Theft (Sections 378 to 382)
Of Extortion (Sections 383 to 389)
Of Robbery and Dacoity (Sections 390 to 402)
Of Criminal Misappropriation of Property (Sections 403 to 404)
Of Criminal Breach of Trust (Sections 405 to 409)
Of the Receiving of Stolen Property (Sections 410 to 414)
Of Cheating (Section 415 to 420)
Of Fraudulent Deeds and Disposition of Property (Sections 421 to 424)
Of Mischief (Sections 425 to 440) Of Criminal Trespass (Sections 441 to 462)
|Chapter XVIII||Sections 463 to 489-E||Offences relating to Documents and Property Marks Offences relating to Documents (Section 463 to 477-A) |
Offences relating to Property and Other Marks (Sections 478 to 489)
Offences relating to Currency Notes and Bank Notes (Sections 489A to 489E)
|Chapter XIX||Sections 490 to 492||Of the Criminal Breach of Contracts of Service|
|Chapter XX||Sections 493 to 498||Of Offences related to marriage|
|Chapter XXA||Sections 498A||Of Cruelty by Husband or Relatives of Husband|
|Chapter XXI||Sections 499 to 502||Of Defamation|
|Chapter XXII||Sections 503 to 510||Of Criminal intimidation, Insult and Annoyance|
|Chapter XXIII||Sections 511||Of Attempts to Commit Offences|
If you are an advocate or pursuing a career in law, then this PDF of the list of IPC sections in Hindi is a great resource for you. The IPC Section List PDF has been created from the Indian Penal Code, 1973 PDF available on Legislative.gov.in official website. Let’s explain some,
Important Sections of IPC
Section 354 IPC
Whoever assaults or uses criminal force to any woman, intending to outrage or knowing it to be likely that he will there by outrage her modesty1, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which shall not be less than one year but which may extend to five years, and shall also be liable to fine.
Section 354A IPC
- A man committing any of the following acts —
- physical contact and advances involving unwelcome and explicit sexual overtures; or
- a demand or request for sexual favours; or
- showing pornography against the will of a woman;
- or making sexually coloured remarks, shall be guilty of the offence of sexual harassment1.
- Any man who commits the offence specified in clause (i) or clause (ii) or clause (iii) of sub-section (1) shall be punished with rigorous imprisonment for a term which may extend to three years, or with fine, or with both.
- Any man who commits the offence specified in clause (iv) of sub-section (1) shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to one year, or with fine, or with both.
Section 354B IPC
Any man who assaults or uses criminal force to any woman or abets such act with the intention of disrobing1 or compelling her to be naked, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which shall not be less than three years but which may extend to seven years, and shall also be liable to fine.
Section 354C IPC
Any man who watches, or captures the image of a woman engaging in a private act in circumstances where she would usually have the expectation of not being observed either by the perpetrator or by any other person at the behest of the perpetrator or disseminates such image shall be punished on first conviction with imprisonment of either description for a term which shall not be less than one year, but which may extend to three years, and shall also be liable to fine, and be punished on a second or subsequent conviction, with imprisonment of either description for a term which shall not be less than three years, but which may extend to seven years, and shall also be liable to fine.
- For the purpose of this section, “private act” includes an act of watching carried out in a place which, in the circumstances, would reasonably be expected to provide privacy and where the victim’s genitals, posterior or breasts are exposed or covered only in underwear; or the victim is using a lavatory; or the victim is doing a sexual act that is not of a kind ordinarily done in public.
- Where the victim consents to the capture of the images or any act, but not to their dissemination to third persons and where such image or act is disseminated, such dissemination shall be considered an offence under this section.
Section 354D IPC
- Any man who —
- follows a woman and contacts, or attempts to contact such woman to foster personal interaction repeatedly despite a clear indication of disinterest by such woman; or
- monitors the use by a woman of the internet, email or any other form of electronic communication, commits the offence of stalking;
Provided that such conduct shall not amount to stalking if the man who pursued it proves that—
- it was pursued for the purpose of preventing or detecting crime and the man accused of stalking had been entrusted with the responsibility of prevention and detection of crime by the State; or
- it was pursued under any law or to comply with any condition or requirement imposed by any person under any law; or
- in the particular circumstances such conduct was reasonable and justified.
- Whoever commits the offence of stalking shall be punished on first conviction with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to three years, and shall also be liable to fine; and be punished on a second or subsequent conviction, with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to five years, and shall also be liable to fine.
Section 506 IPC
Section 506 IPC, Punishment for criminal intimidation — Whoever commits, the offence of criminal intimidation shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to two years, or with fine, or with both; If threat be to cause death or grievous hurt, etc.—And if the threat be to cause death or grievous hurt, or to cause the destruction of any property by fire, or to cause an offence punishable with death or 1[imprisonment for life], or with imprisonment for a term which may extend to seven years, or to impute, unchastity to a woman, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to seven years, or with fine, or with both.
Section 323 IPC
Section 323 IPC, Punishment for voluntarily causing hurt — Whoever, except in the case provided for by section 334, voluntarily causes hurt, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to one year, or with fine which may extend to one thousand rupees, or with both.
Section 324 IPC
Section 324 IPC, states that when a person is voluntarily hurt by the use of a dangerous weapon or means, the act comes under the purview of voluntarily causing hurt by dangerous weapons or means. The Section further states that voluntary hurt is caused by:
- Any instrument for shooting, stabbing or cutting; or
- Any instrument used as a weapon of offence that is likely to cause death; or
- Fire or any heated substance; or
- Any type of poison; or Any corrosive substance; or
- Any explosive substance; or
- Any substance that is deleterious to the human body for inhaling, swallowing or receiving into blood; or
- Any animal.
Section 341 IPC
Section 341 IPC, Punishment for wrongful restraint, — Whoever wrongfully restrains any person shall be punished with simple imprisonment for a term which may extend to one month, or with fine which may extend to five hundred rupees, or with both.
Section 406 IPC
Section 406 IPC, Punishment for criminal breach of trust — Whoever commits criminal breach of trust shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to three years, or with fine, or with both.