History of Indian National Congress 1885 – 1950 PDF

The struggle of India for independence from British colonial control is chronicled in The history of the Indian National Congress (INC) from 1885 to 1950. The INC, which was established in 1885, had a significant impact on how the Indian subcontinent developed.

The INC grew into a powerful organization under the guidance of legends like Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, and Subhas Chandra Bose. Some of its most important initiatives included the Quit India Movement, the Civil Disobedience Movement, and the Non-Cooperation Movement.

History of Indian National Congress 1885 – 1950 Objectives

In order to create a forum for civil and political discourse among educated Indians, retired British Indian Civil Service (ICS) officer Allan Octavian Hume created the Indian National Congress (A political party of India (British India to Free India).

Following the Indian Rebellion of 1857, the British Empire took over rule of India from the East India Company. With the help of English-educated Indians, who tended to be more familiar with and friendly toward British culture and political ideas, British-controlled India, also known as the British Raj or simply the Raj, tried to attempt and promote and legitimize its government of India.

Ironically, the patronage of British authorities and the rising class of Indians and Anglo-Indians educated in the English language-based British tradition were some of the ways the Congress grew and survived, especially in the 19th century era of undeniable British dominance or hegemony.

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